Skip to content


Child Trafficking and Modern Slavery

What is Trafficking?

Trafficking is where children and young people are tricked, forced or persuaded to leave their homes and are moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold. Children can be trafficked for:

  • sexual exploitation
  • benefit fraud
  • forced marriage
  • domestic slavery i.e. cleaning, cooking and childcare
  • forced labour in factories or agriculture
  • committing crimes, like begging, theft, working on cannabis farms or moving drugs

Types of Trafficking

Traffickers often groom children, families and communities to gain their trust. They may also threaten families with violence or threats. Traffickers often promise children and families that they'll have a better future elsewhere.

Trafficking is also an economic crime. Traffickers may ask families for money for providing documents or transport and they'll make a profit from money a child 'earns' through exploitation, forced labour or crime. They will often be told this money is to pay off a debt they or their family ;owe; to the traffickers.

Traffickers may:

  • work alone or in small groups, recruiting a small number of children, often from areas they know and live in
  • be medium-sized groups who recruit, move and exploit children and young people on a small scale
  • be large criminals networks that operate internationally with high-level corruption, money laundering and a large number of victims

Local Guidance

National Guidance

  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (designed to tackle slavery in the UK and consolidates previous offences relating to trafficking and slavery).

Modern Slavery Training

This resource is designed to share examples of training products available to public sector professionals and other individuals that might come across victims to help raise awareness, better spot the signs and increase confidence in reporting modern slavery when potential cases are encountered.

Report Modern Slavery

First responders (who work for designated organisations and help support potential victims of modern slavery) in the UK can use this service to:

  • refer potential victims of any age to the National Referral Mechanism
  • help potential victims receive support and medical care
  • notify the Home Office of potential victims (Duty to Notify)

Report Modern Slavery Here

Useful Links




Assessment on ICTAs